'Collaborative Learning' atau 'Cooperative Learning'?



Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in a common task in which each individual depends on and is accountable to each other. It involves use of small groups so that all students can maximise their learning and that of their peers. It is a process of shared creation: two of more individuals interacting to create a shared understanding of a concept, discipline or area of practice that none had previously possessed or could have come to on their own. Collaborative learning activities can include collaborative writing, group projects, and other activities. 

'Collaborative Learning' ialah pembelajaran yang melibatkan semua pelajar yang dipecahkan kepada beberapa aktiviti dalam kumpulan kecil untuk merungkai konsep keseluruhan pembelajaran. Aktiviti seperti 'project based learning' atau 'problem based learning' boleh dikategorikan sebagai 'collaborative learning'. Maknanya semua murid akan memberi sumbangsaran melalui kumpulan kecil mereka dan digabungkan menjadi input/produk keseluruhan kelas. Cikgu dapat lihat perkara sebegini seperti dalam aktiviti gallery walk dan 3 stray 1 stay.


In cooperative learning, students work together in small groups on a structured activity. They are individually accountable for their work, and the work of the group as a whole is also assessed. Cooperative groups work face-to-face and learn to work as a team.

'Cooperative Learning' pula adalah aktiviti sumbangsaran murid dalam skala kecil iaitu dalam kumpulan masing-masing. Dalam pembelajaran sebegini, murid melatih diri dengan kemahiran 4C; communicative, collaborative, creative dan critical thinking. Murid bersama-sama berkongsi ilmu, melatih kemahiran pembelajaran tertentu, berkomunikasi, mengemukakan pendapat, menetapkan pendirian dan membuat keputusan. Proses ini memacu kemahiran sosial mereka yang amat-amat diperlukan di alam pekerjaan kelak. Nilai murni bertolak ansur, toleransi dan hormat-menghormati dipupuk dalam aktiviti sebegini. Contoh Think Pair Share, Round Table, Corners, Fan N Pick dan sebagainya.




Adakah 'cooperative learning' dan 'collaborative learning' itu perlu?
Ya.

Adakah 'cooperative learning' boleh berlaku tanpa 'collaborative learning'?
 Ya.

Adakah 'collaborative learning' boleh berlaku tanpa 'cooperative learning'?
Ya. 

Apakah yang terbaik untuk pembelajaran dalam kelas?
Dalam 'collaborative learning' perlu ada 'cooperative learning'. Bermula dengan aktiviti kumpulan kecil, hasil dibentangkan kepada kumpulan yang besar dan kemudian dapatan dirumuskan. Dengan itu, pembelajaran dapat melibatkan semua pihak dan menunjukkan penglibatan murid aktif. Tugas guru hanya sebagai pemudahcara. 

Contoh variasi Think Pair Share (*Bonus Content). Dari 'cooperative' kepada 'collaborative'.



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Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in a common task in which each individual depends on and is accountable to each other. It involves use of small groups so that all students can maximise their learning and that of their peers. It is a process of shared creation: two of more individuals interacting to create a shared understanding of a concept, discipline or area of practice that none had previously possessed or could have come to on their own. Collaborative learning activities can include collaborative writing, group projects, and other activities. - See more at: http://sydney.edu.au/education_social_work/learning_teaching/ict/theory/collaborative_learning.shtml#sthash.Du7fYzLe.dpuf
Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in a common task in which each individual depends on and is accountable to each other. It involves use of small groups so that all students can maximise their learning and that of their peers. It is a process of shared creation: two of more individuals interacting to create a shared understanding of a concept, discipline or area of practice that none had previously possessed or could have come to on their own. Collaborative learning activities can include collaborative writing, group projects, and other activities. - See more at: http://sydney.edu.au/education_social_work/learning_teaching/ict/theory/collaborative_learning.shtml#sthash.Du7fYzLe.dpuf
Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in a common task in which each individual depends on and is accountable to each other. It involves use of small groups so that all students can maximise their learning and that of their peers. It is a process of shared creation: two of more individuals interacting to create a shared understanding of a concept, discipline or area of practice that none had previously possessed or could have come to on their own. Collaborative learning activities can include collaborative writing, group projects, and other activities. - See more at: http://sydney.edu.au/education_social_work/learning_teaching/ict/theory/collaborative_learning.shtml#sthash.Du7fYzLe.dpuf
Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in a common task in which each individual depends on and is accountable to each other. It involves use of small groups so that all students can maximise their learning and that of their peers. It is a process of shared creation: two of more individuals interacting to create a shared understanding of a concept, discipline or area of practice that none had previously possessed or could have come to on their own. Collaborative learning activities can include collaborative writing, group projects, and other activities. - See more at: http://sydney.edu.au/education_social_work/learning_teaching/ict/theory/collaborative_learning.shtml#sthash.Du7fYzLe.dpuf
Collaborative learning refers to methodologies and environments in which learners engage in a common task in which each individual depends on and is accountable to each other. It involves use of small groups so that all students can maximise their learning and that of their peers. It is a process of shared creation: two of more individuals interacting to create a shared understanding of a concept, discipline or area of practice that none had previously possessed or could have come to on their own. Collaborative learning activities can include collaborative writing, group projects, and other activities. - See more at: http://sydney.edu.au/education_social_work/learning_teaching/ict/theory/collaborative_learning.shtml#sthash.Du7fYzLe.dpuf
'Collaborative Learning' atau 'Cooperative Learning'? 'Collaborative Learning' atau 'Cooperative Learning'? Reviewed by HERRYAN SYAH TUPAN on May 02, 2017 Rating: 5

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